Capella University Sleep Deprivation and Borderline Disorder Essay


Capella University Sleep Deprivation and Borderline Disorder Essay


Carefully read both articles, noting how the researchers presented the research topic to the reader at the beginning of each article and how the literature review was crafted to demonstrate the research problem addressed by the study. Also note the research questions. Quantitative studies will sometimes present hypotheses instead of research questions.To write your literature review, focus on the introduction section of each article.


Begin your literature review with an introduction that explains the purpose of the review and its contents.

Describe the research topic that is investigated by the articles you chose.

This should be a general description of the topic (the subject matter of the articles), not an overview of the articles.

Present the topic scientifically, and provide citations to support your description.

Explain why the topic is relevant to the science of psychology and your specialization area or professional work.

Identify the research problems investigated in each article.

Discuss the researchers’ rationale for identifying and investigating these research problems.

Identify the research questions asked in each article.

Evaluate the alignment between the research problem and research question for each article.

In considering the introduction to each article—not the methodology, results, or discussion—discuss the contribution the research will make to the knowledge base by solving each of the research problems.

End your review with a summary and a conclusion.

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Introduction: Purpose of Review and Contents
A review is essentially a critical analysis of a scholarly contribution, through the
eyes of like-minded professionals and contributors to the field. In this regard, this review aims at
providing a proper summary and critical evaluation of two articles- a qualitative and quantitative
research article. This review, therefore, aims at describing the relationship between both articles
and the topics. Few studies have examined sleep disturbances in borderline personality, and
further establishing this connection may be pertinent to enhancing current treatments, given
relevance of sleep on emotional regulation and stress management. Both articles explore the
relationships between borderline personality disorder and affected aspects of normal functioning.
It also seeks to discover alternative ways to interpret prior researches and their contribution to
the articles chosen in an attempt to decipher changes concerning the research question. This
review will analyze both articles in terms of validity and relevance, identifying any possible gaps
or inconsistencies in the research approaches employed by both articles. The articles chosen for
this review are:

‘Differential relations of executive functioning to borderline personality disorder
presentations in adolescents’ by Alklison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp, and Carolyn Ha (the
quantitative research article). Taherifard, Hajloo and Abolghasemi (2015) strived to
compare negative and positive urgencies as well as sleep quality among patients with
antisocial personality disorder (BPD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).

The qualitative research article chosen for the review is ‘positive and negative urgency
and sleep quality among patients with borderline and antisocial personality disorders’ by
Mina Taherifard, Nader Hajloo, and Abbas Abolghasemi.
Research Topic
Sleep disturbances in BPD seem to be related to different elements of psychopathological
performance and may have damaging results on waking affect and cognition. More research on
unbalanced sleep in BPD in relation to waking symptoms and underlying neutral performance
would cast more light on the features of this complicated disorder. Furthermore, a stronger
emphasis on sleep disruptions would improve the gaps for treatment protocols in BPD.
The article, Taherifard, Hajloo, and Abolghasemi (2015) questions whether
patients with BPD experience more intense levels of negative urgency and lower sleep quality as
compared to patients with ASPD. Evidence shows that individual with BPD have lower sleep
quality than healthy individuals. The study was sought to examine sleep quality in (BPD) and
(ASPD) patients as a biological development. Sleep quality is viewed as the gratification
individuals develop from the sleep and how they feel after they wake up.
Personality disorder has an importance link with sleep quality opposed to patients
suffering from personality disorder have sleep quality Sleep disorder is connected to aggressive
behavior and impulsive
Kalpakci, Ha, and Sharp (2018) seek to discover the relationship between the two
transcending forms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) – externalizing psychopathology
and internalizing psychopathology and executive functioning. Kalpakci, Ha, and Sharp (2018) is
invaluable since it is one of the few research materials dedicated to understanding BPD as it
affects adolecents. Borderline personality disorder in adolescents is very complicated and
diverse. Studies have indicated the presence of two subgroups within BPD: one with primarily
internalizing psychopathology attributes and one with predominantly externalizing
psychopathology attributes. Executive functioning (EF) is one process that may set apart from
these groups, given that externalizing psychopathology is linked to poor EF. A multi‐ informant
method was used in the current study to examine whether adolescent patients with predominantly
externalizing BPD appearances undergo larger deficits in EF than adolescent patients with
predominantly internalizing appearances. These two topics are very important in understanding
the two main consequential aspects of mental health affected by BPD- executive functioning and
sleep quality.
Research Problems Investigated
Kalpakci, Ha, and Sharp (2018) is the first article to quantitatively investigate the
relationships between executive functioning (and development of the same) with BPD. This is
one of the few areas of BPD, as part of psychological sciences that has not been fully
investigated, despite its prudence in the mental health of adolescents.
Taherifard, Hajloo, and Abolghasemi (2015) seek to expand the current body of
knowledge on negative and positive urgency and quality of sleep among patients with ASPD and
BPD. The research builds from available knowledge on the existing paradigms that simply
‘associate’ negative urgency (impulsive behavior when patients experience emotions) with both
personality disorders. It seeks to uncover whether negative urgency is more severe in BPD as
compared with ASPD. The same comparison also formed the research basis for sleep quality.
Research Questions
Externalizing behaviors and disorders are characterized primaliy by actions in the
external world that includes aggressive behavior and internalizing behaviors and disorders are
characterized primarily by the processes within the self-such as depression. The main research
question in Kalpakci, Ha, and Sharp (2018) is whether adolescents with predominantly
externalizing behavior is greater or lesser deficits in executive functioning (EF) which is the set
of mental skills that include self-control. as compared to adolescents with predominantly
internalizing borderline personality disorder.
Contributions the Articles Will Make to the Current Body of Knowledge
Both articles collected information from willing participants (patients diagnosed
with the conditions and normal individuals acting as controls). As such, the articles are authentic
and valid, at least as far as acceptability and quality of the said articles are concerned. In this
regard, these articles have positively contributed to the knowledge of BPD.
Kalpakci, Ha, and Sharp (2018) is the first academic source to explore the
relationship between the two major manifestations of BPD- externalizing and internalizing BPD
as they affect the executive functioning among teenagers. Indeed, this article builds on already
existing associations between BPD and executive functioning by offering additional quantitative
comparisons between the two main manifestations of executive functioning and the different
manifestations of BPD among adolescents. Based on the article, further research may be
developed to further investigate and evaluate the best possible approaches in dealing with either
manifestation, based on the relative impact each has on executive functioning.
Taherifard, Hajloo, and Abolghasemi (2015) build on an already wide area of
mental health studies- personality disorders. Findings of assorted behavioral and personality
disorders indicate their significance in the diagnostic methods.
The article states that personality disorders make up almost half (50%) of all cases
of personality disorders. The different types of personality disorders are essentially different
because of the transcending signs and symptoms- impulsive behavior, emotional instability and
the like. However, there is a limited article that seeks to distinguish the manifestations of these
signs and symptoms, in terms of frequency and intensity. The article is the first of its kind to
compare these manifestations effectively.
Both articles use experiment-based research approaches to contribute and further
accentuate positive investigation into BPD. Kalpakci, Ha, and Sharp (2018) demonstrated that
EF is significant, but changeable, underlying process in BPD in adolescents. Comprehending the
disparity effect of EF on BPD has significant suggestions for potential disparity etiology,
development, manifestation, and diagnosis, critical setting the stage for the development of
earlier, more targeted, clinical interventions for people with BPD. Positive and negative urgency
are new characteristics of recklessness. Negative urgency indicates a person’s tendency to
engage in impulsive behavior when experiencing emotion. Taherifard, Hajloo, and Abolghasemi
(2015) study had concluded that ASPD and BPD patients exhibited poor sleep quality and
problems with impulsive behavior control and displays reckless behavior. diagnostic and
therapeutic suggest these variables should be considered in the diagnosis and pathology of
personality disorder or symptoms could worsen.
Their use of qualitative and quantitative techniques in analyzing and investigating
the research problems as well as the research questions positively are successful by comparing
the major aspects of BPD- executive functioning, negative and positive urgency as well as sleep
quality in a manner that informs and induces new approaches towards dealing with BPD as a
major psychological disorder.
Regardless of high pervasiveness of sleep-related disorders amongst patients with
personality disorder, this aspect has largely remained overlooked in the medical and empirical
research. The effect of sleep disorders exceeds individual health and longevity; family,
community and society are equally affected. It is clear that this study, linking positive and
negative urgency and sleep quality amongst BPD and ASPD patients and healthy regulations, is
highly applicable.
Kalpakci, A., Ha, C., & Sharp, C. (2018). Differential relations of executive functioning to
borderline personality disorder presentations in adolescents. Personality and Mental
Health, 12(2), 93–106.
Taherifard, M., Abolghasemi, A., & Hajloo, N. (2015). Positive and negative urgency and sleep
quality among patients with borderline and antisocial personality disorder. Archives of
Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 17(4), 105–112.

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