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PSYC 502 University Of New Hampshire Research Methods Worksheet

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PSYC 502 University Of New Hampshire Research Methods Worksheet

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Psychology 502.05
Research
Activity #3:
Research Methods
Chavajay RA #3 – Page 1
Developing and Honing Research Questions and Their Hypotheses
& Researching Relevant Empirical Literature Using PsycINFO
REVISED Due Date: Tuesday, 2/25/2020 – To be submitted in class


Three completed tables
PsycINFO abstracts & 1st page of corresponding articles
Goals
 To construct empirical questions that effectively focus and guide sound investigations

To identify aspects relevant to published, ongoing, and potential studies

To learn how to research for and obtain empirical studies published in peer-review
journals from the electronic database PsycINFO
This research activity consists of two parts that inform one another. Part I entails reporting
on or developing outlines that distinguish research questions, hypotheses, and methodologies
for three research scenarios. Part II requires searching for empirical literature relevant to
each of the three research scenarios.
Read this entire assignment first to become familiar with the requirements, including use of
blank table templates and PsycINFO instructional guidelines.
Essential Aspects of Research Questions: Investigating phenomena requires identifying the
focus of the inquiry. Oftentimes, the main motivating questions that initially emerge are
broad in nature, making reference to an area of study in vague terms.
These broader questions then undergo revision and honing to become specific empirical
questions that identify precisely what observable “occurrence” or “event” will be examined
and how it will be measured or assessed. Familiarity with existing theoretical and empirical
work relevant to the inquiry and keen observation of the phenomena of interest contribute
to informing the ways in which the empirical questions will be shaped and fine-tuned.
Empirical questions should comprise the following salient aspects:
a.) Concrete observable “occurrences” or “events” under investigation
b.) Explicit indication of comparisons to be made, where applicable
c.) Reference to forms of measurement or assessment
Hypotheses/Expectations are testable and unconfirmed statements that explain or predict
the relationships between variables in particular circumstances.
Part I: Provide responses that address the following six aspects for each of the three
research scenarios listed on page two. Record your responses in the blank table templates
provided in the accompanying MS Word file.
1.) Main motivating research question that characterizes the general area of study
2.) Skeletal profile of the participants and their communities (e.g., 25 US ten-year-olds of
Latin American heritage who attended music camp, 12 of whom are males and 13 of whom are
females)
3.) At least one empirical question, specifying comparisons to be made, where applicable
4.) Identification of independent and dependent variables that pertain to the study
5.) Operationalized categories of what would be measured, assessed, or coded in the study
6.) Hypotheses/expectations that correspond with the empirical questions formulated.
An illustration of a completed table of responses
for a fictitious research scenario is provided on page three.
Part II: Search PsycINFO for empirical articles relevant to each of three scenarios and print
out requested materials described on page two.
Psychology 502.05
Research Methods
Chavajay RA #3 – Page 2
Scenarios # 1 and #2: People often encounter difficulties attending to multiple stimuli or
events at the same time. These challenges seem to affect one’s performance in activities.
Scenario #1 – Experiment #2 in Stroop (1935)
Part I: For this scenario, your responses to the six aspects listed on page one require
reading Stroop (1935), particularly his description of Experiment #2.
Part II: Search PsycINFO for ONE empirical article about the Stroop Effect published in
a peer-review journal (Refer to PsycINFO Guidelines on page 4). You must print out:
a.) Abstract of the article as it appears in the PsycINFO database
b.) Actual 1st page of the corresponding article as it appears in the journal
(This first page will likely include the abstract. However, the abstract in this form does
not qualify as the print out of the article’s abstract for this assignment. )
Scenario #2 – Class Stroop Experiment
Part I: Your responses to the six aspects listed on page one must be based on
information from the following sources:
a.) Stroop Experiment website (faculty.washington.edu/chudler/words.html)
b.) Stroop (1935)
c.) Class Stroop Data on page 5
Part II: Search PsycINFO for ONE empirical article about the Stroop Effect published in a
peer-review journal that is different from the article you selected for Scenario #1.
(Refer to PsycINFO Guidelines on page 4.) You must print out:
a.) Abstract of the article as it appears in the PsycINFO database
b.) Actual 1st page of the corresponding article as it appears in the journal
(This first page will likely include the abstract. However, the abstract in this form does
not qualify as the print out of the article’s abstract for this assignment. )
Scenario #3 – Dog Companions and the Elderly
Certain dog breeds have been found to be invaluable service dogs for the blind and overall
warm and comforting companions to humans of a variety of ages. Healthcare professionals
wonder whether the elderly who reside in assisted living rehabilitation facilities may benefit
socially and emotionally from visits with dogs.
Part I:
Design one study based on this scenario that addresses the six aspects listed on
page one. Keep in mind this scenario has the potential to generate multiple
investigations.
Part II: Search PsycINFO for ONE empirical article about dog companions and/or the
elderly published in a peer-review journal (Refer to PsycINFO Guidelines on page 4).
You must print out:
a.) Abstract of the article as it appears in the PsycINFO database
b.) Actual 1st page of the corresponding article as it appears in the journal
(This first page will likely include the abstract. However, the abstract in this form does
not qualify as the print out of the article’s abstract for this assignment. )
Checklist of Items to Submit for Fulfillment of Research Activity #3:
Scenario #1
Scenario #2
Scenario #3
Experiment #2 in Stroop (1935)
Class Stroop Experiment
Dog Companions and the Elderly

Table

Table

Table

PsycINFO Abstract

PsycINFO Abstract

PsycINFO Abstract

1 Page of Article

1 Page of Article

1st Page of Article
st
st
Psychology 502.05
Research Methods
Chavajay RA #3 – Page 3
Example of Responses to a Scenario: Ethnographic research suggests that children of different cultural communities vary in the ways
they learn. Unlike US European American middle-class communities, some cultural communities around the world do not have access
to formal schooling or tend not to rely on schools as contexts for children’s learning.
Main Motivating
Research
Question
What differences
exist in
children’s
opportunities to
learn in different
cultural
communities?
Participants & Their Communities
20 – 3-year-olds (½ males & ½
females) from each of 2 communities:
European American middleclass community of New
York, US – where formal
schooling is compulsory and
widely available
Indigenous community of the Andes
in Peru – where formal schooling is
not available
Total Participants: 40 children
Reasons for this age group:
not yet expected to attend
school or contribute largely to
families’ workload in these
communities.
Thus, this age group allows for
examining which practices are
prioritized in preparing children for
future engagement in school and/or
mature activities in their respective
communities.
Specific Empirical
Questions
Are Andes children more
often involved in work than
New York children?
Do New York children engage
more frequently in lessons than
tAndes children?
Independent Variable(s)
Community – 2 Levels:
New York & Andes
Operationalized Categories
Types of Activities
Lessons: using lecture-like &
question-response-evaluation
formats to teach something explicitly
(like teachers asking students
questions to which the teachers
already know the answer)
Work: activities that contribute to the
households’ subsistence, including
performing errands
Forms of Engagement
Gender – 2 Levels:
Male & Female
Dependent Variable(s)
Amount of time spent in
activity (i.e., lessons & work)
Amount time spent in form of
engagement
Participation: contributing in some
way to an activity
Observation: watching and/or
tracking others’ participation in an
activity
(i.e., participating in & observing
lessons and work)
Hypotheses/Expectations
Andes children are expected to observe or contribute to work more
often than New York children.
New York children are expected to observe and participate in lessons
more frequently than Andes children.
Psychology 502.05
Research Methods
Chavajay RA #3 – Page 4
Guidelines for Online Access to the UNH Library’s PsycINFO Database
To search and access empirical articles using the PsycINFO database:
Go to www.library.unh.edu
Click on link Databases
In By Title search box, type psycinfo and click on the Search button
Click on the link PsycINFO
Click on the link Connect to this database
If required, enter your username and password to login into PsycINFO
In PsycINFO, search the topic by typing in relevant terms in the search boxes.
Leave the choice Select a Field (optional) on the drop-down menu.
8. Click on the Search button.
9. Under search boxes:
a.) In left-hand column, Refine Results should be viewable (If not, click on >> on left-hand side to expand column.)
b.) Under Limit To, click on the link Show More.
c.) When Search Options window pops up, scroll down to Publication Type, select Peer
Reviewed Journal, and click on the Search button at the bottom of the pop-up window.
10. Under Search Results, click on titles of the publications to access abstracts generated by PsycINFO
11. Under Tools in right-hand column (If Tools not visible, click on
Purchase answer to see full
attachment
Explanation & Answer:

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